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Is there scope for cost savings and efficiency gains in HIV services?
without the further use of existing resources and cannot be ... efficiency from improving social welfare – the “allocative” ...... and Latin America, it was found that.

Program Science – Approaches to Maximize Return on - CDC
and use of resources and intervention delivery ... Allocative and technical efficiency: the South .... HIV prevalence among MSM in Latin America. 0. 5. 10. 15 . 20.

Optima: a model for HIV epidemic analysis, program prioritization
Anderson et al. [8] performed a detailed allocative efficiency analysis of the Kenyan HIV ... Optima can be used to (a) estimate epidemiological trends to produce long-term ... Africa, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia.

Health Challenges, Latin America - Copenhagen Consensus Center
Challenges and Solutions in Health in Latin America ... to improve health, with no concern for cost, could use far more of society's resources ... are control of malaria and HIV/AIDS, reducing the prevalence of low birthweight ..... This failure of allocative efficiency is the chief focus of the DCP2 exercise and prior such efforts ...

Value for Money for the community based response to HIV and AIDS
of VfM data related to the community based response to HIV AIDS. ..... Allocative Efficiency in the Latin American and Caribbean Region ... Another participant commented that the use of prevalence data can be problematic because this data .

(PDF), 72 pages - Documents & Reports - World Bank
promotion of condom use, and supervised ART administration by CHWs to close the ... Keywords: allocative efficiency, resource allocation, HIV/AIDS, health spending ..... individuals every year in Latin America and the Caribbean alone.

Cost and cost-effectiveness of HIV/AIDS prevention strategies in
and in some parts of Latin America.3 Given the impact of the. HIV/AIDS epidemic .... reliably used for screening and confirmation of HIV infection in a high-risk ...
Walker_Cost effectiveness of HIV prev strategies_HHP_2003.pdf

UBRAF thematic report: closing the resource gap - Investing for results
In 2012 and 2013, closing the resource gap for HIV responses was a priority for UNAIDS ... domestic funding are used by a number of countries, including Botswana, ... These included allocative ... Nigeria, South Africa and India to discuss how to make efficiency, ... Central Asia region, and Latin America and the Caribbean.

Strategic Investment - UNAids
Dec 13, 2012 ... Case Study: South Africa innovates to scale-up and sustain its HIV ..... Countries are beginning to use the investment approach to .... allocative and efficiency analyses and effectiveness studies funded by the World Bank. ... Latin America Horizontal Technical Cooperation Group meeting (Sao Paolo,.

Download PDF - Center For Global Development
In these five countries, we use extracted Global. Fund data .... men (MSM) in Latin America tend to receive scant resources for HIV prevention, relative to ... allocative efficiency, i.e. putting the right interventions in the right places for the right.

Where will the money come from? Alternative mechanisms to HIV
Sep 16, 2014 ... health insurance in four Latin American countries covered 8–11% of the HIV expenditure; in Colombia and ..... the efficient use of the funds, inclusive of project finance ..... and outcome improvements (allocative efficiency), effi-.

PEPFAR 3.0 – Controlling the Epidemic
therapy (ART) that was being used in the United States (U.S.) was not available in Africa. ... ambitious 90-90-90 global goals: 90 percent of people with HIV diagnosed, 90 percent of them ... It is our plan for America to continue to play a leadership role in ending this ..... With respect to allocative efficiency, we will strengthen.

27-8.1 The World Bank's Engagement in Tuberculosis Efforts [.pdf]
China, India, Russia), TB/HIV interventions under the Multi-Country Action Program ... institution which translated in the establishment of the South Africa .... allocative efficiency analyses.1 Optima-HIV has now been applied in over 30 ... Asia, South America, and Africa.2 The work has impacted countries' strategic and  ...
27-8.1 The World Bank’s Engagement in Tuberculosis Efforts.pdf

Roundtable 1 - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Of these, 27 million people (or 1 in 10 people who use drugs) suffer from drug use ..... oxycodone, pethidine, tilidine and trimeperidine, in Latin America and the .... Benedikt C, Wilson P D, Kelly Allocative and implementation efficiency in HIV ...

Excellency, 18 April 2016 Please fmd enclosed for your kind
Apr 18, 2016 ... declaration, which will be used as the basis of negotiations by Member ... As Co- facilitators of the high-level meeting on HIV/AIDS, we have the ..... grow, and that allocative and programmatic efficiency is suboptimal, ..... to 44,000, in Eastern and Southern Africa from 990,000 to 210,000, in Latin America and.

The Global HIV Epidemics among Sex Workers - UNFPA
World Bank therefore does not warrant that the use of the content contained in the work will not infringe on ...... Implications for Allocative Efficiency in HIV Prevention Programs ..... geographic regions including Asia, Africa and Latin America.

TIME Impact – a new user-friendly tuberculosis (TB - BioMed Central
free download within the widely-used Spectrum software. ... In South Africa, it informed the first South African HIV ... which specializes in allocative-efficiency. ..... America, TREAT-TB grant, grant code GHN-A-00-08-00004-00) and Bill & ...

Quarterly Research Digest on HIV and Key Populations - FHI 360
Dec 1, 2015 ... Eastern Europe, Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Middle East. ... BACKGROUND: Respondent-driven sampling is used worldwide to estimate ... level geographical targeting can help maximize allocative efficiency, while ...

Fiscal Performance and Global Experience with Medium Term - IMF
Bank therefore does not warrant that the use of the content contained in the work will not infringe ..... HIPC. Heavily Indebted Poor Country. HIV human immunodeficiency virus. HP ..... fiscal discipline, allocative efficiency, and technical efficiency (level- .... Oyugi (2008) examine the experience with MTEFs in Latin America,.

Section 1 - Health System Assessment Resource Center
across Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean (see Figure 1.1.1) over the past six ... In Ukraine, the HSA led to increased focus on the delivery of HIV/AIDS ..... commonly used notions of efficiency are allocative and technical efficiency.

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